Early diagnosis saves lives
As of yet, we simply don’t know why people develop APS, why some patients go on to have blood clots while others don’t, why some women (but not all) have pregnancy problems and why some patients are affected by symptoms more than others – vital research is needed before we can answer these questions.
However, we do know that the root cause is an over-activity of the immune system. Normally, the immune system protects the body against foreign invaders - such as viruses or bacteria - by producing antibodies that destroy these harmful substances. But sometimes the body gets confused and, in a case of mistaken identity, it makes antibodies against itself causing an autoimmune disorder.
We are not sure why the immune system becomes over-active and is unable to distinguish between foreign invaders and its own body constituents, but there is increasing clinical evidence that there is probably a genetic tendency which is triggered in people with the condition.
Some APS patients will have family members who also have the syndrome or have histories of other autoimmune diseases in their families such as lupus or thyroid disease. As well as lupus, other well known autoimmune diseases include multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and type 1 diabetes.
Again, at this stage, it is unclear but a person's genetic make-up and exposure to certain trigger factors may provide the right environment in which APS can develop. One theory is that viral infections, such as glandular fever and shingles, stress, certain drugs, and other well known precipitants of thrombosis such as immobility, dehydration, surgery, the oral contraceptive pill and pregnancy can act as the trigger for the syndrome.
Some people with APS will also have other autoimmune conditions. View the main APS autoimmune 'cousins'.
© 2017 APS Support UK (trading name of the Hughes Syndrome Foundation). Registered Charity Number 1138116. A company limited by guarantee registered in England 7268671.